Your Name * Recipient Email * 1. The latest theory around partition brings to light certain important relationships: that of Nehru and Edwina, that of Jinnah and Edwina and that of Nehru and Jinnah. You have clicked on a link which leaves THBL website, and you will be redirected to a third party website.THBL makes no representations nor has any supervision or control over the content, reliability or security of the third party website, nor shall THBL be liable for its use. He had had it for years. He'd just had to prove that democratically, through provincial elections. Hanwant Singh came to Delhi and met Jinnah. IPL 2020: KL Rahul’s Record Century, Yuzvendra Chahal’s Clever Bowling Highlights Of Week 1, IPL 2020: Emergence Of The Team Psychologist And T20 Spinner, IPL 2020: Expect Run Outs, Batting Collapses And Run Freeze In Initial Matches In UAE, Woman Scribes' Rift Over Rhea Chakraborty Exposes TV-Print Divide. It's an intricate, complex personality of great character, determination. He was a flighty, impractical, emotional politician, who was operating at some level of high principle, that was not very pragmatic. He was a self-made man--Mahatma Gandhi was a son of a Dewan. It was at this meeting that Qaid-e-Azam dramatically announced to the assembled 425 delegates, “I have done my job.” The previous year, the hotel had hosted the Council Meeting of the All India Muslim League on June 5-6. He wanted a certain percentage (of seats) in the Central legislature. That is exactly (the point). Karan Thapar: And a highly centralized India denied the space Jinnah wanted. The argument goes it was not Jinnah who demanded Pakistan but haste of Nehru and Patel to jump to supreme power that led them to agree with Mountbatten’s crude ‘surgical solution’. I think he thought he was going to live for a long time and continue to lead Pakistan. And those assurances amounted to reservation, which I dispute frankly. Jinnah was not immune from the bug of inconsistencies. The Congress could have dealt with the Moplas but there were other Muslims. That leads to the most important question those of us in India have: Who would you apportion the blame, chiefly, for the perilous path the subcontinent took in 1947? His letters to the late Nawab Sahab of Bhopal are very moving letters. It was the Congress that later repudiated the pact. Jaswant Singh: He wanted space in the Central legislature and in the provinces and protection of the minorities so that the Muslims could have a say in their own political, economic and social destiny. Part of the responsibility for this lay with the Muslims themselves for their leadership, lost in nostalgia, failed to modernise. And we never forget the wall, the partition. Jinnah himself had relegated himself from being a nationalist to a leader of only Muslims. Jinnah would be been entitled to panic: the only serious assassination attempt ever made against him had been by a Khaksar who had broken into his house and stabbed him, four years previously. Get Full Digital Access To The Hindu BusinessLine, The Hindu, Frontline, Sportstar, Crossword+, Epaper replica of The Hindu and The Hindu BusinessLine in ONE SINGLE DISCOUNTED PRICE! Repeatedly he says and he says this even in his last statements to the press and to the constituent Assembly of Pakistan. Willingdon held a regal ball for 15,000 guests hoping to raise more funds to furnish the hotel. You had to accommodate it somehow. He said so repeatedly: I have no enmity against the Hindu. You have reached your weekly free article limit. Jaswant Singh: And we need to correct it. The League’s leaders, checked into the hotel’s rooms, would be in touch then with the Qaid, as the party was fashioning its response to join an interim government led by Nehru. The Muslim population in post-partition India was widely dispersed further eroding its political clout. Jaswant Singh: But I am saying so. The Imperial was to witness more drama that day. A quick scan of new ad campaigns released recently seems to show a preponderance of cricket — either starring ... Corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives of companies are altering the prospects for wooden toys of ... Aequs Aerospace to create space for large-scale manufacture of toys at Koppal. For example dominion status would have given virtual independence to India in the 20s (but Nehru shot it down). She navigated through the wreckage and made her way to the Mughal Suite on the first floor. Every nation needs heroes. Jaswant Singh: All vision which is ex post facto is 20/20. On June 3, 1947, the Bengal League delegates had met at his Calcutta House and had decided to oppose the Mountbatten Plan which would dissect their Muslim-majority Bengal. Jaswant Singh: I don't live in the same time as him. Karan Thapar: When Indians turn around and say that Jinnah was, to use a colloquialism, the villain of Partition, your answer is that there were many people responsible and to single out Jinnah, as the only person or as the principal person, is both factually wrong and unfair? Pakistani-American historian Ayesha Jalal, Mary Richardson professor of history at Tufts University USA and the writer of “The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the demand of Pakistan” argues that once the all India negotiations failed to make headway and the Hindu Mahasabha had called for the division of two main Muslim majority provinces of Punjab and Bengal in early 1947 Nehru and Patel insisted on partition; the sole spokesman of India’s Muslims tried to avoid such a catastrophe till the very end.” If Jinnah was the sole spokesman of Muslims (one religious community though with substantial population) then ipso facto Jinnah ceases to be a nationalist. Muslim League had in Jinnah a man of high intellect and great spunk in their fold. Jinnah bought into it much later and even arrived at a pact with the Congress to have it, in fact with the consent and blessings of India’s formidable nationalist, Lokmanya Tilak of “Swaraj is my birth right, and I shall have it,” fame. So instead of blaming Jinnah for the Partition, he says it was Nehru and Patel who decided to get on with it quickly. But if the answers were as simple as Jaswant would have us believe and as clear and pellucid as historians especially on other side of the border pretend to know the furor that Jaswant’s book has met with would largely have been absent. Hotel Rwanda located in the centre of another genocide, years later, also made it to the silver screen! They were very similar in some ways. The Muslim leaders of the Unionist Party in Punjab, including the premier Khizr Hayat Khat, defied Jinnah’s diktat until March 1947. Nehru wasn't. But in terms of who is responsible for the mistakes -- and ruining the chance of political compromise -- I think, in that case Nehru was at least as much to blame as Jinnah. Jaswant Singh: I think we misunderstood because we needed to create a demon. Was Nehru insensitive to this? Jaswant Singh: That was the most flattering way of emulating Gandhi. Above all, Jinnah added insult to injury by declaring in 1941 that he was willing to sacrifice the Muslims of the minority provinces, then numbering 30 million, in order to “liberate” the 60 million Muslims of the majority provinces. Karan Thapar:Let me put it like this. They were just in drawing rooms, with each other, negotiating and they were so used to the kind of rhetoric you would use in a courtroom. PAGE_BREAK You describe that Nehru admitted, when discussing the Partition of Punjab, for instance, that they had not gone into any great detail about how it would actually happen. Blomfield to conceptualise his fancy new hotel, which, like the melting pot that is India, was to be built as a fusion of three styles – Victorian, Old Colonial and Art Deco. Jaswant Singh: He was not a Hindu hater but he had great animosity with the Congress party and Congress leadership. Jinnah was arguing the case like the lawyer he was. The United States, as someone memorably described, is a majority of minorities. Reluctantly, the Maharaja proceeded for the meet and Louis saved Jodhpur for Nehru! And he could just not define Pakistan ever. It could have. Karan Thapar: Let me put it like this. A brilliant legal mind, Jinnah fought his corner doggedly and could convince most of India’s Muslims that it was impossible to trust their future to an overwhelmingly Hindu India without built-in safeguards to ensure their voice would be heard. In a way these people are not far from reality in so far as what India was before British began to consolidate their grip on India. I go by what his contemporaries have said, I go by what he himself says and I reproduce it. Yet a party from the Viceroy’s House still dropped by for dinner later that evening.”. Everyone who finds fault with Nehru’s stubborn attitude in the events building up to partition has to have problems in reckoning India as one sovereign nation.
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