The inscription and Dio Cassius told that the Roman general Crassus subdued the Serdi and behanded the captives. I know free walking tours are not a surprise to most people now but many people are not aware that there are free food, biking and hiking tours in Sofia! The National Opera and Ballet of Bulgaria is a combined opera and ballet collective established in 1891. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). city of the Serdi. Out of 464,865 homes – 432,847 have connection to the communal sanitary sewer, while 2,732 do not have any. On the surface, Sofia has many bus and tram services but underneath, the city only has two Subway lines. The hot mineral springs in the very center of the city, next to the building of … Ivan Vazov called it “Devil’s wheel”.  Remains from another neolithic settlement around the National Art Gallery are traced to the 3rd–4th millennium BC, which has been the traditional centre of the city ever since.. Login to your account below, if you do not have an account, select Register. Sofia is one of the oldest capital cities in Europe; the history of Sofia dates back to the 8th century BC. It seems that the first written mention of Serdica was made during his reign and the last mention was in the 19th century in a Bulgarian text (Сардакіи, Sardaki). Kiradzhiev, Svetlin (2006). 1879–2004". However in Sofia today, there are no thermal spas near the city. Top-circulation newspapers include 24 Chasa and Trud. Serdica was the favorite city of Byzantine emperor Constantine the Great. They have cold soup and hot soup varieties and each soup are extremely hearty and full of ingredients. Believe it or not there are quite a few interesting facts about Sofia which not many people know of. In 1944 Sofia and the rest of Bulgaria was occupied by the Soviet Red Army and within days of the Soviet invasion Bulgaria declared war on Nazi Germany. The Iskar flows north toward the Balkan Mountains, passing between the eastern city suburbs, next to the main building and below the runways of Sofia Airport, and flows out of the Sofia Valley at the town of Novi Iskar, where the scenic Iskar Gorge begins.. These are among the most sought-after secondary schools, along with Vladislav the Grammarian 73rd Secondary School and the High School of Mathematics, which topped the 2018 preference list for high school candidates. The city was adjoined by Khan Krum. First time joining a free food tour.  Additionally, all-electric vehicles are available through carsharing company Spark, which is set to increase its fleet to 300 cars by mid-2019.. The population of Sofia expanded rapidly due to migration from rural regions. Sofia was founded approximately 7,000 years ago at the crossroads of those two important trade routes previously mentioned. They are big, functional and meant to last forever. BAS is the centrepiece of scientific research in Bulgaria, employing more than 4,500 scientists in various institutes. Alter Experience Bulgaria: Interesting facts and fun - See 50 traveler reviews, 2 candid photos, and great deals for Sofia, Bulgaria, at Tripadvisor. , In 27–29 BC, according do Dio Cassius, Pliny and Ptolemy, the region "Segetike" was attacked by Crassus, which is assumed to be Serdica, or the city of the Serdi. The city expanded and became a significant political and economical centre, more so as it became one of the first Roman cities where Christianity was recognised as an official religion (under Galerius). There were 3,162 theatric performances with 570,568 people attending in 2014. The entrance to the Cathedral is free but they charge 10 LV (USD $5.60) for taking photographs. Once upon a time the famous market “Zhenski Pazar” was located in front of the Central Sofia Market hall and the Banya Bashi Mosque. With a history that stretches over seven millennia, ruin-rich Sofia is one of Europe's oldest cities.  The city has a history of nearly 7000 years, with the great attraction of the hot water springs that still flow abundantly in the centre of the city. The Boyana Church, a UNESCO World Heritage site, contains realistic frescoes, depicting more than 240 human images and a total 89 scenes, were painted. US and UK Air forces conducted bombings over Sofia, Museum of Contemporary Art – Sofia Arsenal, http://www.mediapool.bg/show/?storyid=134487%7Ctitle=Ромите, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, Vladislav the Grammarian 73rd Secondary School, University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of twin towns and sister cities in Bulgaria, "Население по градове и пол | Национален статистически институт", "Archaeologist Discovers 8,000-Year-Old Nephrite 'Frog-like' Swastika in Slatina Neolithic Settlement in Bulgaria's Capital Sofia – Archaeology in Bulgaria", "CITIES AND THEIR URBANISED AREAS IN THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA", https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=met_d3area&lang=en, https://www.nsi.bg/nrnm/show2.php?sid=57422&ezik=en&e=128142&e=9787, "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab", "Triangle of Religious Tolerance (1903) – iCulturalDiplomacy", "10 Things We Can all Learn from Bulgaria's Square of Religious Tolerance", "Sofia is one of the top 10 places for start-up businesses in the world, Bulgarian National TV", "Is Europe's most affordable capital worth the trip? I am glad you enjoyed it! Many Bulgarians thought it was shameful for Simeon to team up with the communist party which exiled him 50 years ago.  A number of research and cultural departments operate within SU, including its own publishing house, botanical gardens, a space research centre, a quantum electronics department, and a Confucius Institute. Otherwise, you could the tour guide can take you to a bike hiring place for 10LV (5 Euro). It was the first edict legalising Christianity, preceding the Edict of Milan by two years. In 339 BC Philip II of Macedon destroyed and ravaged the town for the first time.  However, after the political changes in 1989, this kind of citizenship was removed. Visa Information: Citizens from the US, Canada, UK, and most European countries do not require a visa for visits under 90 days. The first trams in Sofia started operating on 1 st January 1901. Sofia is one of the oldest capital cities in Europe; the history of Sofia dates back to the 8th century BC..  More than 20,000 students study in its 16 faculties. During our Food Tour with Bulkan Bites, we were given the chance to try this soup. Who would have guessed that it is built on top of a beautiful Roman theatre? 18.  Sofia is in the west of Bulgaria. The median age is 38 though. In 1945, the communist Fatherland Front took power. There are three glass window floors in the Saint Sofia church which allows you to see the Roman theatre below. The venue was inaugurated on 30 July 2011, and the first event it hosted was a friendly volleyball match between Bulgaria and Serbia. Capital Facts for Sofia, Bulgaria August 11, 2020 by Danny Metrics Sofia flag Known as much for its ceramic pavement nicknamed “yellow bricks”, as well as for daily seismic activity that sometimes results in earthquakes, Sofia serves as the capital city for the Republic of Bulgaria. A view of the valley from the south. The birth rate per 1000 people was 12.3 per mille and steadily increasing in the last 5 years, the death rate reaching 12.1 per mille and decreasing. The transformations of Bulgaria into the People's Republic of Bulgaria in 1946 and into the Republic of Bulgaria in 1990 marked significant changes in the city's appearance. Overall, Sofia has 186 km (116 miles) of railway lines. There are two golf courses just to the east of Sofia — in Elin Pelin (St Sofia club) and in Ihtiman (Air Sofia club), and a horseriding club (St George club). Most prominent churches such as Saint Sofia and Saint George were converted into mosques, and a number of new ones were constructed, including Banya Bashi Mosque built by the renowned Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan. During the Second World War, Bulgaria declared war on the US and UK on 13 December 1941 and in late 1943 and early 1944 the US and UK Air forces conducted bombings over Sofia. This makes it the second oldest city in Europe. The currency (lev) is changed approximately to two for each euro. In 986, the Byzantine Emperor Basil II laid siege to Sredets but after 20 days of fruitless assaults the garrison broke out and forced the Byzantines to abandon the campaign. The first bicycle was imported in Sofia a decade after the Liberation. Unfortunately, the corporate or the government didn’t stop the construction of this hotel to protect this extremely valuable archaeological site. Six new stations were opened in 2009, two more in April 2012, and eleven more in August 2012. Locals in Sofia often come here to fill their water bottles with this thermal water as it has good minerals that is beneficial to the body. During the Communist era, most sports clubs concentrated on all-round sporting development, therefore CSKA, Levski, Lokomotiv and Slavia are dominant not only in football, but in many other team sports as well. Some Cyrillic alphabets signs. However, due to the bad communication between the private offshore company that runs the resort and Sofia municipality, most of the ski areas have been left to decay in the last 10 years, so that only one chairlift and one slope work.  Smaller collections of historical items are displayed in the National Archaeological Museum, a former mosque located between the edifices of the National Bank and the Presidency.  Over the past two decades, numerous independent cinemas have closed and most shows are in shopping centre multiplexes. 78. https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/semi_cent.php?year=1942&month=1&stat=15614&an_per=no_an&sty=1940&endy=1942&t_in=on&mode=stat&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98#sel, "Weather Sofia – Monthly Weather History- freemeteo.bg", https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/temp_year.php?year=2019&month=1&len=12&an_per=8110&ord=num&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98#sel, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/semi_cent2.php?year=2000&month=12&stat=2064&sty=2000&endy=2000&prm_in=on&mode=stat&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98#sel, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/prec_year.php?year=2014&month=1&len=12&ord=num&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98#sel, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/semi_cent2.php?year=2010&month=12&stat=2064&sty=1981&endy=2010&tmi_in=on&tma_in=on&prm_in=on&ssh_in=on&mode=stat&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/semi_cent.php?year=2010&month=12&stat=15614&an_per=no_an&sty=1981&endy=2010&t_in=on&mode=stat&submit=ПОКАЖИ#sel, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/sf_3747/1941-12.pdf, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/bg_stday.php?year=2020&month=5&day=15&city=15614&int=1&submit=%CF%CE%CA%C0%C6%C8, http://climatebase.ru/station/15614/?lang=en, ftp://ftp.atdd.noaa.gov/pub/GCOS/WMO-Normals/RA-VI/BU/15614.TXT, https://freemeteo.bg/weather/sofia/history/daily-history/?gid=727011&station=4892&date=2013-04-30&language=english&country=bulgaria, https://freemeteo.bg/weather/sofia/history/daily-history/?gid=727011&station=4892&date=2016-04-18&language=english&country=bulgaria, https://freemeteo.bg/weather/sofia/history/daily-history/?gid=727011&station=4892&date=2016-02-15&language=english&country=bulgaria, https://freemeteo.bg/weather/sofia/history/daily-history/?gid=727011&station=4892&date=2018-03-01&language=english&country=bulgaria, https://www.weather-atlas.com/en/bulgaria/sofia-climate, "Air pollution in Sofia, other Bulgarian cities hugely exceeded norms several times this winter", "Bulgaria's Air Is Dirtiest in Europe, Study Finds, Followed by Poland", "Bulgaria: Bad air quality in Sofia on January 6 2018", "Sofia Municipal Council Adopted Measures to Tackle Air Pollution", "Brussels: Sofia has no projects targeting air pollutionКопирано от standartnews.com", Емил Коцев 24.04.2016 9:331205 ИЗГУБЕНАТА СТОЛИЦА, Trakii︠a︡ – Том 12 – Страница 41- "Da diese mit ihrem blinden König Siras verbündete der Römer waren ergab dies den Vorwand für den Kriegszug von Crassus.
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