Discovery weighed in at 6,870 pounds less than Columbia, a product of Rockwell's experience in building two shuttles and a prototype so far (Columbia, Challenger and Enterprise). Space Shuttle DiscoverySpace Shuttle Discovery stands ready for launch of mission STS-92, the 100th in the history of the Shuttle program. The young Discovery flew two times in 1984 and four times in 1985, sending several satellites into space. Five complete Space Shuttle orbiter vehicles were built and flown on a total of 135 missions from 1981 to 2011, launched from the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. Payloads included the Hubble Space Telescope and the Ulysses spacecraft. According to crew member Mike Mullane in his memoirs Riding Rockets, the crew was a little befuddled as they watched water splashing across the windows. All of this began to change after the Challenger explosion of 1986. The US Senator John Glenn rocketed into orbit aboard Discovery as a member of the STS-95 crew in the mission that deployed NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope from Discovery's payload bay. Space Shuttle Overview: Discovery (OV-103) Discovery (OV-103) was NASA's third space shuttle orbiter to join the fleet, arriving for the first time at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida in November 1983. In a press release, NASA revealed that crew of Commander Frederick H. Hauck, pilot Richard Covey and specialists John Lounge, David Hilmers, and George "Pinky" Nelson went into space for the four-day mission on the spaceflights in the first veteran astronauts take off. Discovery (OV-103) was NASA's third space shuttle orbiter to join the fleet, arriving for the first time at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida in November 1983. STS-30 was the 29th NASA Space Shuttle mission and the fourth mission for Space Shuttle Atlantis. , After STS-105, Discovery became the first of the orbiter fleet to undergo Orbiter Major Modification (OMM) period at the Kennedy Space Center. , Upon its delivery to the Kennedy Space Center in 1983, Discovery was modified alongside Challenger to accommodate the liquid-fueled Centaur-G booster, which had been planned for use beginning in 1986 but was cancelled in the wake of the Challenger disaster. STS-31 was the 35th mission of the American Space Shuttle program, which launched the Hubble Space Telescope astronomical observatory into Earth orbit. Visit the Moving Beyond Earth gallery, focused on the space shuttle era. The exhibit includes a full-size mockup of the Space Shuttle Discovery middeck. Your browser or your browser's settings are not supported. Over the years NASA’s Discovery flew 39 missions, more than any other vehicle in the fleet. The Flow Director was responsible for the overall preparation of the shuttle for launch and processing it after landing, and remained permanently assigned to head the spacecraft's ground crew while the astronaut flight crews changed for every mission.
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