Submachine guns such as the MP 28, MP 38, and MP 40 were issued to augment infantry rifle use and increase individual firepower, but suffered from a distinct lack of range and accuracy beyond 100 m. A small fast-firing weapon would have been useful in this role, but again the need did not seem pressing.
The issue arose once again during the invasion of the Soviet Union. It was effective and was a 7.92mm in caliber.  It is still used in very limited numbers by militia and insurgent forces in the Middle East as well as some countries in the Horn of Africa. StG44s have been confiscated from militia groups by U.S. forces in Iraq. That fighting style was taken over by the widespread introduction of m… It was realized that with careful attention to the mechanical ratios, the gas system could be omitted.
It came too late to have much effect on the war, but did influence the Soviet AK-47 that was introduced three years after the war concluded.
The 30° model was able to achieve a 35x35 cm grouping at 100 m. In the late 19th century, small-arms cartridges had become able to fire accurately at long distances. The StG-44, or Sturmgewehr 44 is a gas-operated assault rifle that was developed and used by Germany during World War II. The Soviet Union was quick to adopt the assault rifle concept. The U.S. Army's adoption of the M1 carbine in 1941 proved the utility of a small, handy, low-powered rifle that required little training to use effectively. 684.8 m/s America developed the concept of small-caliber, high-velocity (SCHV) bullets and further reduced the weight of their firearms with the introduction of the M16. The HMG Sturmgewehr will be available in 5.56/.223, 7.62×39, .300 BLK and the original 7.92×33mm Kurz.
HWA requirements were for a rifle that was shorter and with equal or less weight to the Kar 98k and as accurate out to 400 metres (440 yd); and be select-fire with a rate of fire under 450 rounds per minute. The Haenel design proved superior to Walther's MKb 42(W), and the army then asked Haenel for another version incorporating a list of minor changes designated MKb 42(H). One was to include lugs for mounting a standard bayonet, another to change the pitch of the rifling. Ultimately it was recommended that a hammer firing system operating from a closed bolt similar to Walther's design be incorporated.
The StG 44 (Sturmgewehr 44, literally :"storm (or assault) rifle (model of 1944") was an assault rifle developed in Nazi Germany during World War II and was the first of its kind to see major deployment, considered by many historians to be the first modern assault rifle. The demand for these Nazi throwbacks has been brisk enough for StG 44’s to be made available in multiple calibers, i.e. Several attempts had been made to introduce lightweight machine guns or automatic rifles for these roles, but invariably recoil from the powerful 8x57mm JS round made them too difficult to control in automatic fire.
Another attachment for the StG-44 was the Krummlauf, which allowed the user to fire around corners, although it did not function very well. According to one account, the name was chosen personally by Adolf Hitler for propaganda reasons and means "assault rifle" as in "to assault an enemy position", although some sources dispute that Hitler had much to do with coining the new name besides signing the order.
One of these prototypes, a product of the engineers at the Light Weapon Development Group (Abteilung 37) at Oberndorf, was the MKb Gerät 06 (Maschinenkarabiner Gerät 06 or "machine carbine instrument 06") first appearing in 1942. Originally known as the MP 43 (Machine Pistol) for Nazi political reasons, it was renamed the "Sturmgewehr 44" after its successful introduction into battle on the Eastern Front. The German Army showed no interest, as it already had the MP 18 submachine gun firing 9 mm pistol rounds and did not want to create a new cartridge. The pictured example is incomplete; captured and evaluated at Aberdeen Proving Ground after the war.In a somewhat unrelated development, Mauser continued design work on a series of experimental weapons in an effort to produce an acceptable service-wide rifle for the short cartridge system.
The gas expansion chamber over the barrel was deemed unnecessary, and was removed from successive designs, as was the underbarrel bayonet lug.
Grenadiers operating in the area of Aachen, Germany in 1944During weapon testing Adolf Hitler ordered that more, newer submachine guns were to be built and strongly disagreed with the use of the new ammunition.
The variety in nomenclatures resulted from the complicated bureaucracy in Nazi Germany.  Developed from the Mkb 42(H) "machine carbine", the StG 44 combined the characteristics of a carbine, submachine gun, and automatic rifle. The StG 44, while lacking the range of the Kar 98k, had a considerably longer range than the PPS/PPSh submachine guns, a comparable rate of fire, an ability to switch between a fully automatic and a default semi-automatic fire mode and surprising accuracy: its inline design gave it controllability even on full-auto. In reality, he could have ordered the project to be canceled entirely if he wanted to, especially if it had been hidden from him. A typical infantry unit was equipped with a mix of bolt-action rifles and some form of light, medium or a general-purpose machine guns. Gun Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. A production run of these modified versions was sent to the field in November 1942, and the users appreciated it with a few reservations.
The 30° model was able to achieve a 35×35 cm grouping at 100 m., Some StG 44s were fitted with the Zielgerät 1229 infra-red aiming device, also known by its codename Vampir ("vampire"). These cheap, mass-produced weapons used a 71-round drum magazine or 35-round box magazine and though shorter-ranged than the Kar 98k rifle, were more effective weapons in close-quarter engagements. Diese Seite verwendet Cookies, um die einwandfreie Funktion der Webseite zu gewährleisten. Only the 30° "I" version for the StG 44 was produced in any numbers. It was realized that with careful attention to the mechanical ratios, the gas system could be omitted.
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